The pelvic floor is a group of muscles that form the floor of the pelvis. There are several functions of this muscle group. The first function is the support of pelvic organs such as the bladder, uterus, ovaries, and rectum. The second function of the pelvic floor muscles is to maintain continence of urine and feces via a sphincter role. The third function is to provide sexual appreciation. Last but not least, these muscles are the primary stabilizers of the pelvic joints and pelvic girdle which helps prevent sacroiliac and lumbar injuries.
Pelvic pain is a frequently used term that can encompasses many different diagnoses such as vulvodynia, vulvar vestibulitis, sexual dysfunction and pain, and interstitial cystitis.
Some pelvic floor therapies include: biofeedback, soft tissue mobilization (i.e. pelvic floor massage, myofascial release, manual stretching), strengthening, joint mobilization, relaxation/down training, electrical stimulation, and neuromuscular re-education, functional training (looking at activities and positions that contribute to pelvic floor problems, i.e. sex), and bladder retraining to increase capacity to train the bladder to not have to void as often.